Mannheim is a German city located in southwestern Germany. Its 315,000 inhabitants make Mannheim the third-largest city in Baden-Württemberg, after Stuttgart and Karlsruhe. It is situated at the confluence of the Rhine and the Neckar, in the northwestern corner of Baden-Württemberg, being separated by Rhine from the city of Ludwigshafen, just to the west of it in Rhineland-Palatinate, and the border of Baden-Württemberg with Hesse is just to the north.
Mannheim got the nick-name of “city of the squares” (“die Quadratestadt”) because of its streets and avenues laid out in a grid pattern .
The Mannheim Palace is a large Baroque palace from eighteenth century holding now the University of Mannheim, in the past home of the Prince-elector of the Palatinate.
Mannheim’s civic symbol is der Wasserturm, a water tower, just east of the city centre.
The Bertha Benz Memorial Route starts and finishes in Mannheim.
Mannheim is proud of some important inventions.
The first two-wheeled draisine was built by Karl Drais in 1817.
Karl Benz drove the first automobile on the streets of Mannheim in 1886. He produced at his workshop in Mannheim a lightweight three-wheeled vehicle powered by a single cylinder petrol/gasoline-fueled engine, considered to be the first automobile/motor car powered by an internal-combustion engine. In August 1888, Karl’s wife Bertha Benz undertook the world’s first road trip by automobile from Mannheim to Pforzheim.
A popular tractor with a rugged, simple Diesel engine, the Lanz Bulldog, was introduced in 1921.
During 1923 was developed by Karl Benz the world’s first compact diesel-powered car at the Benz & Cie. motor works
Julius Hatry built in 1929 the world’s first rocket plane.
Author: Reinhard Jahn
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